AIDS is an epidemic worldwide. The 2007 estimates show that 33 million people worldwide have infected by and have dealt with HIV / AIDS. And in 2006, nearly 2,5 million Indians infected by HIV, making it the world’s third-largest and Asia’s strongest.
More than 35 diseases, all supposed caused by one single (inactive) virus, have renamed AIDS diseases now. Back 10 to 15 years ago, who considered being normal pneumonia, if linked to HIV, is an AIDS disease today. This also extends to Candida, TB, Kaposi sarcoma and cervical cancer.
If an African is “slim” with an HIV antigen in his semen, he advised he has AIDS. Obviously he must have died of AIDS when he dies of the disease. A layman can feel confident in this simple logic.
The idea that the keys to avoiding HIV rely not only on effective treatment and care but also on better awareness and dissipation of the misconceptions around it, stringent regulation to eradicate inequalities and social stigma that render other groups susceptible to HIV and a systematic commitment to the exchange of information is now recognized in Europe. It is also widely accepted. And World AIDS Day takes place every year on 1 December, to reiterate this commitment.
The aim of this day is to raise awareness of HIV-caused AIDS. The day is characterized by marches, seminars, and public awareness campaigns on HIV, its diagnosis, care and the dissipation of related misconceptions by participants, healthcare organizations and governments all over the world, and highlighting the need for guides of public support to people, especially youth, infections.
How everything started!
World AIDS Day was a brainchild for the World Health Organisation (WHO) in Switzerland, James W. Bunn, and Thomas Netter, two senior representatives of the national AIDS initiative. Throughout 1987, the pair conceived the idea of spreading awareness of the epidemic, of its diagnosis, of its prevention and of how to avoid it. So on 1 December 1988 and from there, each year on the same day was celebrated the first World AIDS Day.
The United Nations HIV / AIDS Joint Program (UNAIDS) comes into service early in 1996 and has taken over the program for the World AIDS Day. UNAIDS updated the plan in the next year and launched the Global AIDS initiative to concentrate on HIV / AIDS messaging, prevention and awareness. By 2004, the movement for World AIDS became an organization autonomous.
World AIDS Day subject and sub-theme
The theme selected to address and urge countries to maintain fundamental human rights of access to prevention, treatment, care, and support, and to cut discrimination and punitive legislation against women and marginalized people living against HIV.
UNAIDS states that 84 countries worldwide have legislation and policies to effectively hinder HIV-affected and vulnerable population’s effective prevention, treatment, care, and support.
Also today some 59 countries have a regulation that restricts people living with the disease’s entrance, stay and house, a clear source of inequality in their freedom of movement and right to work.
AIDS in India – Statistics are alarming
In India, the number of people living with AIDS is the third-largest in the world and is still the largest in Asia, according to the National AIDS Control Organization. Some 2.5 million people lived with HIV in India in 2006. Of these, 39% were women and 3.8% were males.
The sex path is primarily a pathway of transmission of HIV in India, where 87.4% of the population infected by HIV influenced by age. Certain pathways of HIV transmission include perinatal 4.7%, unreliable blood and blood products 1.7%, contaminated needles and syringes 1.8%, unidentified transmission paths and another path 4.1%.
Society’s AIDS Cream
The nationwide adult HIV rate among the general population was 0,36 percent. And it’s obviously higher in high-risk groups. Figures for NACO state that for men who have sex with men (MSM) and women sex workers (FSWs) it is 8.71% and 5.69% for men who have sex with men (MSMs) and 5.38%, respectively.
Further men than women became HIV-positive. 61 people and 39 women out of every 100 individuals living with HIV and AIDS. Although an amazing 88.7% of all infections are prevalent among people 15-49 years of age, young people are also at greater risk, and 3.8% of all HIV infections account for under-15 years of age.
Social stigma and poverty make women more susceptible to HIV
Women make nearly 1 million of India’s 2.5 million HIV sufferers. In India, there is still a pervasive lack of information and knowledge on sexual related disorders, societal stigmas such as early marriage, sexual abuse and violence and women’s uniformity in family law.
There is still no real choice of abstaining from sex or safe sex. This is worse for stigmatized or oppressed female sex workers. Poor access to quality health services has also made women more vulnerable to HIV infections. Women’s problems have also risen.
AIDS Symptoms and Myths
Many who don’t know better believe that being diagnosed with HIV in the same room is contagious, but it’s simply not true. Casual contact with an individual or with the same items as an AIDS patient is not at all contagious. Mosquitoes do not also contain HIV / AIDS in contrast to another belief. Hugging an adult with AIDS is basically totally all right.
AIDS symptoms usually are difficult to detect due to their occurrence. Most people experience flu-like symptoms like fever and nausea and suddenly they go away and fall asleep for years. In 10 years, certain individuals have no symptoms at all, but that doesn’t mean that they haven’t been diagnosed with the AIDS host during that period.
There is medication in place to prevent AIDS, which has been designed to stop HIV before it progresses to AIDS. When AIDS is developed in your body, you continue to shut down the immune system. Tiredness and the ability to combat the common cold are apparent.
The potential AIDS Cure
Five years ago, a patient who had a blood type capable of withstanding HIV granted leukemia and AIDS bone marrow transplant from a survivor. He called the “Berlin Man” because treated in Berlin. No large number of traceable HIV cells found to carry the disease and thus destroy the chance of reforming AIDS after the transplant.
Researchers have newly argued that two AIDS patients may have also given up their disease. They followed the same type of bone marrow transplant and maintained the HIV antibody in their patients. The final result was that no signs of HIV were found in both the blood and the plasma of the recipient.
The reasons for this were the donor’s blood cells that detect and attack the HIV cells that prevented them from further developing. This was called graft versus host disease scientifically. There seems to some new hope for a cure for AIDS, but it is still not recognized as a cure.
What should we say? What should we learn!
It is necessary for everybody to recognize and disseminate the knowledge of the disease as a responsible citizen in this country. This will contribute largely to reducing social stigma and discrimination against HIV / AIDS sufferers. To prevent HIV / AIDS by adopting preventive health and lifestyles, we should take measures to protect ourselves and others. It’s better not to have many or at least safe sexual partners!
It also certifies the safety and quality of blood obtained by registered regular blood donors without remuneration. The spread of HIV by blood transfusion has dropped significantly. The figure fell to 1.96% in 2006, from 6.07% in 1999 to 1.1% in 2007.
There is a need for a collective global intervention!
Although this worldwide crisis is increasingly contained thanks to initiatives at the national and international levels, it remains unacceptably high. To make this degree successful, concerted efforts in countries all over the world must make at many levels.
Secondly, the many international promises we have made in relation to Aids need addressing. This will need greater leadership and genuine efforts to build on recent successes, by taking into account lessons learned, enhancing the tools needed to combat the deadly virus, strengthening collaboration and communication in the activities.
Let us apply to HIV-infected friends and spread our knowledge of this wholehearted help.